Εγκωμιαστικά μοτίβα της Αθήνας στον Πανηγυρικό του Ισοκράτη και τους επιτάφιους λόγους
Encomiastic motives of Athens in Panegyricus of Isocrates and the funeral speeches
Τρέμμα, Μαρία Ελενα Γεωργίου
Η πραγματεία αυτή παρουσιάζει τα εγκωμιαστικά μοτίβα της Αθήνας στον Πανηγυρικό του Ισοκράτη και επιχειρεί μια σύγκριση με τους σωζόμενους επιτάφιους λόγους. Ο Ισοκράτης, ένας από τους σημαντικότερους ρήτορες του 4ου αιώνα π.Χ. εκμεταλλεύεται το υλικό που αντλεί από τους επιταφίους για να εξυπηρετήσει τους δικούς του στόχους
This essay presents the encomiastic motives of Athens in Panegyricus of Isocrates and attempts a comparison with the extant funeral speeches. It is obvi-ous that Isocrates, one of the most famous orators of 4th century B. C. takes his material from the funeral speeches to serve his own purposes. In the text there are similarities with Thucydides, Lysias, Platon and Demosthenes, but there are also many differences. In particular in the encomium of Athens the orator underlines the autochthony of the city, the Eleusinian mysteries, the settlement, the cultural influence, the mythic (Heracleides, Adrastos, Amazons, Thaces) and the Persian wars. The treatment of these common is what makes a great impression. Isocrates dispences Athens from any sign of selfishness and imperialism and presents his city as protector and savior of Greece. He often uses different versions of the myths and deliberately distorts history in order to keep up with his Athenian propaganda. It is worth to notice that the orator combines and adapts the motives in order to support the Athenian hegemony in a future expedition against Persians. What mostly directs his thought is the panhellenic ideal, which is peace between Greeks and attack against the barbarians. With the Panegyricus addresses a pan-hellenic call and tries with arguments already known to his public to prove that mostly in Athens deserves to undertake the hegemony of the antibarbarian attack just like it did in the past.
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