Clinicopathological Relevance of Tumour Grading in Canine Osteosarcoma
Robinson, Wayne F.
Tumour grading assesses biological aggressiveness and is of prognostic significance in many malignancies. The clinicopathological features of 140 primary canine osteosarcomas and their metastases were analysed, and the interrelations between them and an established grading system and its constituent parameters (mitotic index, necrosis, pleomorphism) were examined. Of these tumours, 35% were grade III (high-grade), 37% grade II and 28% grade I. Primary tumours that had metastasized were of significantly higher grade than non-metastatic osteosarcomas. Osteosarcomas belonging to the osteoblastic minimally productive subtype, but not chondroblastic or telangiectatic subtypes, differed from fibroblastic osteosarcomas in being associated with a significantly higher number of high-grade cases. Dogs younger than 4 years of age had osteosarcomas with higher grade, score and mitotic index than did older animals. Appendicular differed from axial tumours in having a higher mitotic index; distal differed from proximal tumours in being of higher grade; cranial tumours differed from tumours in most other sites in being of lower grade and lower mitotic index. Rib osteosarcomas showed a particularly high degree of necrosis. The mitotic index varied widely between tumour locations. Pleomorphism did not have prognostic merit when examined separately, as most osteosarcomas were highly pleomorphic.
Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας, Τμήμα Κτηνιατρικής
Journal of Comparative Pathology, vol.136 no.1  p. 65-73 [Published Version]
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