Diffusion kinetic study of cadmium(II)biosorption by Aeromonas caviae

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Diffusion kinetic study of cadmium(II)biosorption by Aeromonas caviae

Matis, Konstantinos
Karapantsios, Theodoros
Loukidou, M.X.
Zoumpoulis, Anastasios

The removal of cadmium from aqueous solution by sorption on Aeromonas caviae particles was investigated in a well-stirred batch reactor. Equilibrium and kinetic experiments were performed at various initial bulk concentrations, biomass loads and temperatures. Biosorption equilibrium was established in about 1 h and biosorption was well described by the Langmuir and Freundlich biosorption isotherms. The maximum biosorption capacity was found as 155.32mg Cd(II) g−1 at 20 ◦C. The obtained sorption capacity is appreciably high for most experimental conditions; so A caviae may be considered as a suitable biosorbent for the removal of cadmium. Moreover, the sorption rate of cadmium onto A caviae particles was particularly sensitive to initial bulk concentration and solid load. A detailed analysis was conducted, examining several diffusion (external and intraparticle) kinetic models in order to identify a suitable rate expression. The results are discussed and indicate that biosorption of cadmium is a complex process that is described more correctly by more than one model.

Article / Άρθρο

Metal removal

Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης (EL)
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών, Τμήμα Χημείας

Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol.79 [2004] p.711-719 [Published Version]

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