Risk management at railroad level crossings: a comparison of the EU and US approach
Managing accident risk at railroad level crossings is an important safety aspect for both railway and highway infrastructure managers and operators. The term risk management at existing crossings refers both to the approach that is followed to assess accident risks and consequently take the necessary actions and the means that may be used for this purpose. Improvement of the safety level can be reached either by reducing the probability of having an accident (lower accident rate) or by reducing the consequences (lower severity or less casualties) of the accidents or by their combination. A ranking of railroad level crossings in terms of expected safety level is usually made in order to select the ones to be treated. However, a more holistic approach is followed in the European Union. This paper attempts a comparison between the US and EU approaches for assessing risks at railway level crossings and making decisions about safety interventions. Furthermore, it makes use of certain elements of a proposed methodology addressing risk management at level crossings for assessing level crossing in terms of safety. Three major intervention alternatives are considered, namely improvement of protection and crossing characteristics, closure of crossing and converting the grade crossing into a grade separated one.
Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Πολυτεχνική Σχολή, Τμήμα Πολιτικών Μηχανικών
Railway Engineering 2015 - 13th International Conference and Exhibition, 
info:doi/(ed.) Forde, M.C.
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