Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a noninvasive cardiac imaging modality that can perform multiparametric evaluation of the heart and blood vessels, including structure, function, tissue characterization, perfusion, flow and metabolism. This chapter reviews the basic principles of CMR and expands on some of the developing techniques that hold promise for clinical application, including fast data acquisition, combining perfusion imaging with tissue characterization techniques in the assessment for ischemia, novel quantitative techniques such as T1- and T2-mapping, 4-dimensional flow imaging to assess flow dynamics within cardiac chambers and great vessels, and how CMR may assess cardiac metabolism without radioactive tracers using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and hyperpolarized carbon-13 (13C) imaging.
Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας, Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Advanced Cardiac Imaging: A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials,  σελ.127 - 169
info:doi/(eds) K. Nieman, Oliver Gaemperli, Patrizio Lancellotti and Sven Plein
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