Aerobic and anaerobic capacity of professional soccer players in annual macrocycle
The aim of the study was to examine aerobic and anaerobic capacity changes of Greek professional soccer players in the beginning of the preparation (T1) and the competitive period (T2) as well as in the end of the first (T3) and the second round (T4). Twenty four male players aged 24.3 ± 4.3 years old participated in the study. The researchers examined anthropometric characteristics, aerobic and anaerobic capacity. Analysis of variance at the level .05 showed that VO2max value significantly changed from T2 (57.16 ± 3.17 ml.kg-1.min-1) to T1 (55.56 ± 3.81 ml.kg-1.min-1) and T4 (56.07 ± 2.84 ml.kg-1.min-1) and from T3 (57.96 ± 2.8 ml.kg-1.min-1) to T1 (55.56 ± 3.81 ml.kg-1.min-1). Regarding 35m repeated sprints the results showed that they were significantly improved in T4 (4.67 ± 0.15 sec). The highest speed drop was observed in T1 (13.2 ± 3.44%) and the lowest speed drop was observed in T2 (8.35 ± 2.81%) compared to T3 and T4. The study suggests that coaches have to develop appropriate training programs so as to achieve the highest speed with the lowest percentage drop at crucial moments during the annual macrocycle. The ideal balance in aerobic and anaerobic workout is a crucial training component for higher performance.
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