Social values, transparency and the Greek educational system at the era of the crisis. Attitudes of Greek university students
For a very long time, the concept and practices of corruption have been dominating the public sphere and debate in Greece. It is even striking that the rhetoric about corruption has been incorporated in the rhetoric about crisis. Thus, in the era of the Greek crisis, corruption seems to occupy a certain role in the social, economic and political life. The greater emphasis, concerning the international research on corruption, has been placed on its relation to the effectiveness of the public sector, the private sector, the political system, the local governance functions. Only a few relevant surveys are value-based, i.e. corruption in relation to the moral values present in a given socioeconomic setting up and to the work done by the typical educational system. Based on the abovementioned assumption, we proceeded in a quantitative research. Specifically, we developed a scale of attitudes, aiming at measuring the attitudes of female and male students at Greek Universities towards corruption and the moral values present at Greek society during the crisis. The scale consists of three sub-scales. The total internal reliability of the tool was assessed based on Cronbach’s alpha at 0.879, while for each sub-scale is bigger than 0.70. The sample consisted of about 400 students from 3 Universities in Greece and the results showed that the majority of the respondents believe that the moral values of Greek society are rather weak, the educational system is crucially responsible for this, while the political system is considered to be highly corrupted.
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