Comparison of Lidocaine-Xylazine and Procaine-Xylazine for Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia in Cattle

 
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Comparison of Lidocaine-Xylazine and Procaine-Xylazine for Lumbar Epidural Anesthesia in Cattle (EN)

Sato, Reiichiro
Tsukamoto, Atsushi
Kanai, Eiichi

Lumbar epidural anesthesia is commonly utilized in veterinary medicine to allow for diagnostic, obstetrical, and surgical intervention in the abdominal and perineal regions of large animals. The aim of this study was to directly compare the time to onset and duration of epidural anesthesia produced by lidocaine-xylazine and procaine-xylazine combinations to that produced by xylazine alone in cattle. A total of 24 healthy adult Holstein dairy cows were included in this study. The time to onset and duration of anesthesia were recorded. The heart rate, respiratory rate, and rectal temperature were recorded at 0 min and at 10, 20, 30, 60, and 90 min after the epidural administration of each treatment. The time to onset of anesthesia did not significantly differ between the xylazine only group and the lidocaine-xylazine and procaine-xylazine combination groups. The duration of anesthesia in the xylazine only group was significantly shorter than that in the lidocaine-xylazine and procaine-xylazine combination groups (p < 0.05). Ataxia was not observed in any group. The heart rate, respiratory rate, and rectal temperature values in all treatment groups throughout the study did not significantly differ from those at baseline.We found that administration of procaine hydrochloride in combination with xylazine hydrochloride, an α2- adrenergic receptor agonist, offers the same time to onset and duration of anesthesia as does epidural anesthesia using a combination of lidocaine hydrochloride and xylazine hydrochloride. Furthermore, this combination of treatments did not cause adverse effects in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. These findings indicate that combined administration of procaine and xylazine is an economic and useful approach to epidural anesthesia. (EN)

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Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2020-04-17


Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society / Ελληνική Κτηνιατρική Εταιρεία (EN)

1792-2720
2585-3724
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 3 (2019) (EL)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 3 (2019) (EN)

Copyright (c) 2019 Reiichiro Sato, Eiichi Kanai, Atsushi Tsukamoto (EN)



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