Arthrectomy for traumatic proximal interphalangeal arthritis in the lateral digit in a cow

 
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Arthrectomy for traumatic proximal interphalangeal arthritis in the lateral digit in a cow (EN)

Hatate, Kaoru
Zushi, Naoko
Iino, Kimie
Tsuzuki, Nao
Goto, Akira
Yamagishi, Norio
Kajihara, Ayako
Moriyama, Tomoe
Sasaki, Yuto

Instructive information on the treatment for chronic deep infections of digital joints in a 9-month-old Holstein heifer is described in this report. Preoperative ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations revealed soft tissue swelling and subchondral bone lysis at the distal part of the proximal phalanx in the lateral digit. Arthrectomy was performed under xylazine sedation to remove infectious articular cartilage tissues. Immature callus formation was observed via radiography at the surgical site by the 28th postoperative day. On the 48th postoperative day, callus fell into disrepair on the radiographs along with aggravation of the locomotion score. After the application of a half-limb cast, the immature callus formed again by the 62nd postoperative day (11 months), and bony callus formation was observed by the 74th postoperative day. Thereafter, the heifer could walk well with marked improvement in the locomotion score. The withers height of the heifer at 15 months (137 cm) was within the range of that in other heifers of the same age on this farm (136 ± 5 cm); however, the body weight (BW) of this heifer (382 kg) was lower than the BW of others (443 ± 30 kg). The BW gain from 11 to 15 months of age seemed to be higher in the present heifer (+136 kg) than in others (+109 ± 8 kg), suggesting that BW of the present heifer was returning to the original BW. Based on these observations, we suggested that arthrectomy was an effective treatment option for the present case of digital joint arthritis. (EN)

info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
approach (EN)

productivity (EN)
arthrectomy, arthritis (EN)
cow (EN)
external fixation (EN)
surgery (EN)


Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2020-04-17


Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society / Ελληνική Κτηνιατρική Εταιρεία (EN)

1792-2720
2585-3724
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 4 (2019) (EL)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 4 (2019) (EN)

Copyright (c) 2020 Akira Goto, Nao Tsuzuki, Ayako Kajihara, Tomoe Moriyama, Yuto Sasaki, Naoko Zushi, Kaoru Hatate, Kimie Iino, Norio Yamagishi (EN)



*Η εύρυθμη και αδιάλειπτη λειτουργία των διαδικτυακών διευθύνσεων των συλλογών (ψηφιακό αρχείο, καρτέλα τεκμηρίου στο αποθετήριο) είναι αποκλειστική ευθύνη των αντίστοιχων Φορέων περιεχομένου.