The laboratory diagnostic approach to thoracic & abdominal effusions in the dog, cat, and horse

 
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The laboratory diagnostic approach to thoracic & abdominal effusions in the dog, cat, and horse (EN)

Meichner, Kristina
Spyropoulou, Myrto
Athanasiou, Labrini V

Cases involving pleural and peritoneal effusions occur quite frequently in a clinical practice. Determining the underlying etiology in these cases relies mainly on fluid analysis. The technique used for obtaining the pleural or peritoneal fluid can impact greatly the results of the analysis. Most often used diagnostic tools include evaluation of gross appearance, Total Nuclear Cell Count / Total Protein (TNCC/TP) measurement, chemical/biochemical analysis (Lactate dehydrogenase and lactate, cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, creatinine, pH, pO2, pCO2, and K measurements), cytology (identification of septic and non-septic inflammation and neoplasia), microbiology (Gram stain, culture molecular techniques), and specific tests for certain clinical conditions and diseases. Classifying an effusion as transudate, modified transudate and exudate is traditionally based on the TNCC and TP values. New diagnostic methods encourage the clinician to approach the effusion etiologically instead of strictly following this traditional classification. Many of the diagnostic tests described in this review are simple and can be performed in-house, providing the clinician quickly with information about the cause of the effusion, essential for an effective treatment plan without wasting valuable time. (EN)

info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Dignostic approach (EN)

effusion, pleural, peritoneal, laboratory, diagnostic approach (EN)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology (EN)


Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2020-04-17


Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society / Ελληνική Κτηνιατρική Εταιρεία (EN)

1792-2720
2585-3724
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 3 (2019) (EL)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society; Vol 70, No 3 (2019) (EN)

Copyright (c) 2019 Labrini V Athanasiou, Myrto Spyropoulou, Kristina Meichner (EN)



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