Breakfast skipping and its association with other unhealthy food habits among Greek high school adolescents

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2007 (EN)
Breakfast skipping and its association with other unhealthy food habits among Greek high school adolescents (EN)

Pigi Perdikaki, Á. Gikas, J.K. Ôriantafillidis,

SUMMARY Background: Eating breakfast is an important habit for our health. The recognition of high-risk groups for breakfast skipping, especially during the transition period of adolescence, is essential for the prevention of this unhealthy habit. Objective: To determine the prevalence of breakfast skipping in adolescents attending high school, in correlation with nutritional status and socio-demographic factors, and to identify possible association with other unhealthy food habits. Subjects and methods: A sample of 513 high school students was randomly selected from three areas: urban/ higher, urban/medium and urban/lower. All subjects completed a questionnaire concerning various sociodemographic characteristics and food habits. Body height and weight were also measured and body mass index was calculated. Results: The prevalence of breakfast skipping was 29.4%. Breakfast skipping was more prevalent in older adolescents, adolescents with fathers of low educational level, adolescents living in the urban/lower area and of those who were overweight/obese. Breakfast skippers consumed salads, fruit, legumes and fishe less frequently than breakfast eaters. They consumed meat, soft drinks and alcohol more frequently. Also, they reported higher frequency of out-meals. Conclusions: The prevalence of breakfast skipping among Greek adolescents is quite high and it is related to nutritional status and socio-demographic factors. Breakfast skipping is associated with other unhealthy food habits, suggesting a considerable negative influence on the food choices of adolescents. Key words: Breakfast skipping, food habits, nutritional status, socio-demographic factors, adolescence. (EN)




Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology (EN)

Annals of Gastroenterology; Volume 16, No 4 (2003) (EN)

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