Endoscopic submucosal dissection versus endoscopic mucosal resection for type 0-II superficial gastric lesions larger than 20 mm
Background Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) are increasingly used for the treatment of superficial gastrointestinal neoplasia. However, the limits and the indications for each technique are still debated. Our retrospective study aimed to compare these techniques in patients with gastric flat lesions larger than 20 mm without the nonlifting sign.
Methods Between January 2013 and July 2016, a total of 36 patients with early gastric flat lesions larger than 20 mm and without the non-lifting sign were resected by ESD and were followed up by endoscopy. As a control group, 40 EMR cases from our database were matched. En bloc and curative resection were compared between the two groups according to histological assessment, tumor size, recurrence, complication rate, and procedure time. A Kaplan-Meier comparison was performed for both groups with a log-rank test to compare the survival curves; the chi-square test was employed for other parameters.
Results En bloc resection rate and curative resection rate were significantly higher in the ESD group than in the EMR group. Procedure time was significantly longer in the ESD group. No significant differences were found in the recurrence and complication rates, although the former were higher in the EMR group and the latter in the ESD group. Survival curves were similar for both groups.
Conclusions Our retrospective analysis seems to confirm a clear advantage for ESD over EMR in removing early superficial gastric neoplasm. Although ESD has expanded the endoscopic resectability of endoscopic gastric lesions, EMR may still be considered one of the therapeutic options for flat gastric lesions without the non-lifting sign.
Keywords Early gastric cancer, endoscopic submucosal dissection, endoscopic mucosal resection
Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (3): 338-343