Preoperative elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for cirrhotic patients undergoing abdominal surgery
Despite improvements in the surgical techniques, anesthesia and intensive care, abdominal surgery in patients with cirrhosis remains a challenge. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been used to manage complications of portal hypertension. Preoperative TIPS (prophylactic) can theoretically improve outcomes in this population. Seven original studies were identified with 24 patients who underwent prophylactic TIPS before abdominal surgery. No perioperative mortality or major abdominal bleeding attributable to portal hypertension was reported for this cohort. One patient had poor wound healing post surgery (4.2%), one had right heart failure (4.2%), and five developed hepatic encephalopathy (20.8%) post surgery. More evidence is needed to optimize the timing of surgery post TIPS and the selection of an appropriate stent size to further decrease the associated morbidity. Overall, the decision for prophylactic TIPS placement for cirrhotic patients undergoing abdominal surgery needs individualization to allow its safe use with concomitant improvement in perioperative morbidity.
Keywords Prophylactic transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, cirrhosis, portal hypertension, abdominal surgery
Ann Gastroenterol 2018; 31 (3): 330-337