Shedding light on an East-Mediterranean mesophotic sponge ground community and the regional sponge fauna

 
Το τεκμήριο παρέχεται από τον φορέα :

Αποθετήριο :
Mediterranean Marine Science  | ΕΚΤ eJournals
δείτε την πρωτότυπη σελίδα τεκμηρίου
στον ιστότοπο του αποθετηρίου του φορέα για περισσότερες πληροφορίες και για να δείτε όλα τα ψηφιακά αρχεία του τεκμηρίου*
κοινοποιήστε το τεκμήριο



Shedding light on an East-Mediterranean mesophotic sponge ground community and the regional sponge fauna (EN)

ILAN, MICHA
YAHEL, RUTH
SHEFER, SIGAL
IDAN, TAL
FELDSTEIN, TAMAR
HUCHON, DOROTHEE

Israel Ministry of Science, Technology and Space grants 3-10343 & 3-8827 (EN)
NGO EcoOcean (EN)
EU FP7/2007–2013 grant KBBE-2010-266033 (SPECIAL) (EN)
Zalul environmental NGO (EN)
MERCI (EN)

Sponges are a diverse and abundant phylum, globally inhabiting many hard-bottom habitats. However, data on the East-Mediterranean sponge communities are scarce, outdated, and limited to the shallow waters. This study sought to expand the knowledge of the poriferan fauna along the Mediterranean shore of Israel. A newly-discovered mesophotic sponge ground at ~100 m depth was studied using a remotely-operated vehicle (ROV), in addition to shallow-water surveys conducted by scuba diving. In the mesophotic ecosystem, sponges, serving as environmental engineers, create complex 3D structures that attract invertebrates and fish. The results of the quantitative survey of this mesophotic sponge ground reveal that it maintains a rich and diverse community with an estimated 63 species, and a high sponge percent coverage (~35%). Several of the mesophotic species are documented for the first time from the Levant basin, while others might be novel species. Here we identified over 100 sponge species along the Mediterranean coast of Israel, 33 of which were sampled from the mesophotic sponge ground. The updated sponge list supports the hypothesis that the Levantine sponge diversity is not as species-poor, compared to other parts of the Mediterranean Sea, as has previously been considered. In addition, shallow and mesophotic sponge community compositions were found to only partially overlap.  Moreover, the latter harbors some species that have disappeared from the shallow habitats, and only a few species thrive along the entire depth range. We suggest that mesophotic sponge grounds may serve as refugia for species stressed by the rising temperatures in shallow waters and should be protected from anthropogenic influences such as oil and gas drilling. (EN)

info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

Levant sponge fauna (EN)
Mediterranean (EN)
diversity (EN)
ecology (EN)
community structure (EN)
mesophotic (EN)
quantitative survey (EN)
ROV (EN)
sponge ground (EN)
conservation biology (EN)

Ελληνικό Κέντρο Θαλασσίων Ερευνών (ΕΛΚΕΘΕ) (EL)
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) (EN)

Mediterranean Marine Science

2018-05-23


Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (EN)

Mediterranean Sea, Levant Basin (EN)

1791-6763
1108-393X
Mediterranean Marine Science; Vol 19, No 1 (2018); 84-106 (EL)
Mediterranean Marine Science; Vol 19, No 1 (2018); 84-106 (EN)

Copyright (c) 2017 Mediterranean Marine Science (EN)



*Η εύρυθμη και αδιάλειπτη λειτουργία των διαδικτυακών διευθύνσεων των συλλογών (ψηφιακό αρχείο, καρτέλα τεκμηρίου στο αποθετήριο) είναι αποκλειστική ευθύνη των αντίστοιχων Φορέων περιεχομένου.