Callas: the conflict for Epidaurus

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Callas: the conflict for Epidaurus (EN)

Kondyli, Georgia; Department of Musical Technology and Acoustics Technological Educational Institute of Crete

The objective of this article is to explore situations that are intimately related to Callas' concerts in Epidaurus. Callas, who had left Greece in 1945 to go to the United States, and hadn't been back since, returned to Athens in 1957 to inaugurate the Festival with two performances at the Herodium in 1957. However, an unpleasant atmosphere had been created against her, because she demanded an enormous amount for the standards of that period! After her appearance at the Athens Festival, Callas, as excepted, did not want to give another concert in Greece. But, in 1959 Κ. Bastias took charge of the administration of the Greek National Opera and proposed Callas to present an opera in the Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus. It is worth noting that since its opening in 1954, the Epidaurus Festival only included ancient Greek drama performances given by the National Theatre of Greece. Performances from other troupes were not allowed. Finally, Callas accepted to present Norma by Bellini and decided to grant her remuneration in order to create a scholarship foundation. After Callas' success in the role of Norma, she returned to Epidaurus a year later to present Medea by Cherubini. At the main time a situation of tension was to begin; Emilios Chourmouzios, the director of the National Theatre, reacted to the performance of Medea, a fact that evokes many questions. Therefore, his reaction is not justified. In fact, he realized that via Callas' performances in the Epidaurus theatre melodrama tended to be established. He saw losing the National Theatre's monopoly in Epidaurus and undoubtedly, the presence of the Diva in Epidaurus was the first step to abolish the monocracy of the Greece National Theater. (EN)

info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article (EN)

Epidaurus (EN)
Festival (EN)
Greek National Theater (EN)
Medea (EN)
Bastias (EN)
Chourmouzios (EN)
Norma (EN)
Callas (EN)
Opera (EN)
Minotis (EN)
Greek National Opera (EN)

Ένωση εκπαιδευτικών μουσικής Πρωτοβάθμιας Εκπαίδευσης (EL)
Greek association of Primary Music Education Teachers (EN)

Επιστημονική Έκδοση για τη Μουσική, την Εκπαίδευση και τον Πολιτισμό

2012-11-10


Greek Association of Primary Music Education Teachers (EN)

1792-2518
Επιστημονική Έκδοση για τη Μουσική, την Εκπαίδευση και τον Πολιτισμό; Vol 3, No 1 (EL)
Hellenic Journal of Music, Education and Culture; Vol 3, No 1 (EN)

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work [SPECIFY PERIOD OF TIME] after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). (EN)



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