An image-analysis system based on support vector machines for automatic grade diagnosis of brain-tumour astrocytomas in clinical routine

 
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An image-analysis system based on support vector machines for automatic grade diagnosis of brain-tumour astrocytomas in clinical routine (EN)

Σπυρίδωνος, Παναγιώτα Π. (EL)
Γκλώτσος, Δημήτριος (EL)
Κάβουρας, Διονύσης Α. (EL)
Ραβαζούλα, Παναγιώτα (EL)
Αραπαντώνη-Δαδιώτη, Πετρούλα (EL)

Τ.Ε.Ι. Αθήνας. Σχολή Τεχνολογικών Εφαρμογών. Τμήμα Μηχανικών Βιοϊατρικής Τεχνολογίας Τ.Ε. (EL)
Νικηφορίδης, Γεώργιος Χ. (EL)

An image-analysis system based on the concept of Support Vector Machines (SVM) was developed to assist in grade diagnosis of brain tumour astrocytomas in clinical routine. One hundred and forty biopsies of astrocytomas were characterized according to the WHO system as grade II, III and IV. Images from biopsies were digitized, and cell nuclei regions were automatically detected by encoding texture variations in a set of wavelet, autocorrelation and parzen estimated descriptors and using an unsupervised SVM clustering methodology. Based on morphological and textural nuclear features, a decision-tree classification scheme distinguished between different grades of tumours employing an SVM classifier. The system was validated for clinical material collected from two different hospitals. On average, the SVM clustering algorithm correctly identified and accurately delineated 95% of all nuclei. Low-grade tumours were distinguished from high-grade tumours with an accuracy of 90.2% and grade III from grade IV with an accuracy of 88.3% The system was tested in a new clinical data set, and the classification rates were 87.5 and 83.8%, respectively. Segmentation and classification results are very encouraging, considering that the method was developed based on every-day clinical standards. The proposed methodology might be used in parallel with conventional grading to support the regular diagnostic procedure and reduce subjectivity in astrocytomas grading. (EN)

journalArticle

Brain tumour (EN)
Biopsy (EN)
Εγκεφαλικός όγκος (EN)
Βιοψία (EN)

ΤΕΙ Αθήνας (EL)
Technological Educational Institute of Athens (EN)

Medical Informatics & The Internet in Medicine (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2005


Taylor & Francis (EN)



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