Early Christian Church Architecture at the Thracian Coast of Bulgaria of the Black Sea Region.

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2016 (EL)
Early Christian Church Architecture at the Thracian Coast of Bulgaria of the Black Sea Region. (EN)

Gazgazi, Viktoria (EN)

School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies (EL)
Karagianni, Flora (EN)
Mentzos, Aristotelis (EN)
Varalis, Ioannis (EN)

4 Abstract In this essay I study the Early Christian churches along the coastline of the Black Sea and, in particular, those which have come to light on the co astline of present - day Bulgaria, because they present an interesting aspect of the history and culture of the Black Sea area duri ng Late Antiquity . In my research, I have decided to include the town of Callatis, too, which belonged to the province of Scythia during the time period under consideration but today is part of modern Romania, close to the borders with Bulgaria. Hence, I b elieve that this town should also be included in my research, so that the picture I form regarding the Early Christian churches of the west coasts of the Black Sea is as complete as possible. In order to answer the question if these areas were influenced i n all aspects by the capital of the empire, Constantinople, I decided to structure a detailed list of the churches which have been studied partly or in whole in the Bulgarian coastline and in the town of Callatis. To be able to answer this question, it was necessary to do a comparative study of church building on the Bulgarian coastline and that of Constantinople. In the first chapter, I study the architectural typology of the churches , I investigate the way in which churches were built and underline any ex ceptions or particularities in their architectural types. Furthermore , I examine the specific parts of the churches (the apse and presbytery, nave, aisles, narthex , annexes ). In the second chapter, I focus on the functional constructions of the churches . F inally, in the third chapter, I investigate the role of every church in the place where it was founded. After the architectural study of the sacred buildings and the drawing of the conclusions, following the analysis of the individual components of ecclesi astical architecture , we could quite safely claim that the churches on the west coasts of the Black Sea do not represent exact copies or replicas of the ecclesiastical prototypes that have been adopted in Constantinople. The churches examined here were dee ply influenced but adopted only several of the characteristics of the churches in the capital in a selective way. The sacred buildings in the provinces of Haemimontus, Moesia Secunda and Scythia never achieved the character or the grandeur of the temples of Constantinople. What is more, it seems that in several cases the influence that was exercised on them originated from other areas , as well (EN)


Διεθνές Πανεπιστήμιο της Ελλάδος (EL)
International Hellenic University (EN)



*Η εύρυθμη και αδιάλειπτη λειτουργία των διαδικτυακών διευθύνσεων των συλλογών (ψηφιακό αρχείο, καρτέλα τεκμηρίου στο αποθετήριο) είναι αποκλειστική ευθύνη των αντίστοιχων Φορέων περιεχομένου.