‘‘Regulatory coupling of large and small scale LNG terminals in the light of the newest European clean fuel energy strategy’’

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2014 (EL)
‘‘Regulatory coupling of large and small scale LNG terminals in the light of the newest European clean fuel energy strategy’’ (EN)

Varagka, Aikaterini (EN)

School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems (EN)
Perrakis (EN)
Sardi, Aikaterini (EN)
Tompoulidis (EN)

This dissertation was written as a part of the MSc in ICT Systems at the International Hellenic University. Here goes a summary of the dissertation. In the last few decades the European indigenous production of fossil fuel has been decreased and unfortunately there are not enough new sources to cover the energy needs. European Union has to find new energy sources in order to secure its energy supply. For this reason recently it has be given much attention to the imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG). EU aims to reduce by this way the dependence on pipeline gas and at the same time to diversify its natural gas sources. Also, LNG imports enhance competition which is indispensable for effective gas-market liberalization and the same time buyers have the possibility to choose their LNG supplier. Moreover, LNG is a clean fossil fuel which practically helps to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in a short term and to enhance EU’s long term decarbonisation targets. This reduction in greenhouse gases has also to be achieved by the ship sector and heavy road transport sector. Due to all aforementioned parameters there is an increase regarding LNG regasification terminals in the EU. According to the latest news there are already 20 LNG import terminals connecting the EU with the world gas market and there are under discussion and/or construction further 32. For this reason there is an increased need of small scale LNG distribution. GLE has revealed in June 2014 the ‘‘Small Scale LNG Map 2014-Exiting & Planned Infrastructure for Sea-Road-Waterways Transport’’. In this map are represented all the operational small scale LNG infrastructures and also all these infrastructures which are under construction, or they are going to be built or what it has been announced to be built. Taking into consideration the increased need of LNG and especially the small scale LNG infrastructures in EU, this dissertation will provide the basic information regarding the infrastructures which are needed for transforming LNG to natural gas and distributed after to the pipeline system. Moreover, it is analyzed the LNG supply chain and the ways of LNG transportation in small scale; like small LNG ships and trucks. A closer analysis is being done also to the bunkering procedure of LNG; Ship-to-Ship, Truck-to-Ship, Ship-to-Shore. Finally, attention is be given to the satellite LNG plants which are found in remote areas and cover the needs of energy supply where pipeline system is not operational. (EN)


Διεθνές Πανεπιστήμιο της Ελλάδος (EL)
International Hellenic University (EN)


School of Science &Technology, Master of Science (MSc) in Energy Systems (EN)

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