Environmental Acquis in the European Union: Development, Profits for the Candidate Countries and the Principal under the Greek Constitution
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law
The environmental policy of the European Union (former European Community) has been
gradually modulated during the last decades. Initially, there was no common environmental
policy due to the different community goals. However, soon it became a priority within the
European Union, as the latter realized that pollution is a problem of transnational
dimension without physical or political boundaries. In this framework, many directives and
other legislative instruments have been issued, in order to prevent or overcome
environmental problems, thus constituting the EU Environmental Acquis. This study
examines the most significant environmental directives.
During the enlargement of the EU membership, the candidate countries, especially those
from Eastern Europe, have to comply with the EU environmental standards, in order for
them to achieve a smooth integration within the Union. On the road to their accession,
every distortion or deviation concerning the protection of the environment has to be
minimized or eliminated. Of course, such a procedure requires high costs on
implementation and enforcement, though leads to great benefits.