In this paper, we studied the technologies used in a dynamic fleet management
system. A dynamic fleet management system is being divided into four technological
the fleet management system control centre
the on board technologies and vehicle mobile data terminal
the mobile and satellite communication infrastructure
The fleet management system control centre is the core of a Fleet Management
System. The Fleet Management system control centre is responsible for obtaining,
processing and distributing information for better use of the system, the infrastructure
and the services. The control centre includes all systems and tools necessary for
providing guidance to the vehicles as well as management of the fleet. Technologies
included in this field are: Electronic Data Interchange, Push Technology, Floating Car
Data, Application Service Providers, Remote Sensing, Geographic Information
System, Geofencing, Agent-based computing, and Front-End Intelligence.
The on board technologies are the technologies used on the vehicle to acquire all the
necessary data in order to have a clear view of the status of the vehicle, its freight and
its position. All this information is transmitted with a selected communication system
to the control centre. The on board system can also provide bi-directional
communication with the driver and the router operator in the control centre in order to
reschedule the vehicle’s route. Technologies included in this field are: Mobile Data
Terminal, Sensors, Controller Area Network, Wireless Sensor Network, GPS receiver,
Smart mobile phones and PDAs.
The mobile and satellite communication infrastructure is the technological field that is
used for the communication between the on board terminal and the control centre.
Technologies included in this field are: Global System for Mobile Communications,
General Packet Radio Service, 3G, 4G, Bluetooth, Zigbee, Radio Frequency
Identification and Global Positioning System.Finally we have presented cybercars whose technologies are emerging, with some of
them to have already been applied in industrial scale and others to be in a prototype
state. Nevertheless this technology is the future of the fleet management systems.
Technologies included in this field are: Obstacle avoidance, Navigation and
communication, Parallel parking, and Platooning.
For every technological field that is presented, relatively papers are being
demonstrated for someone to understand better the technology and its application.