The cultural management under the EU legislation and its implementation in the field of education
The aim of the current dissertation is to define and stress the importance of culture as a human right. Various treaties (binding and non-binding) in the European Union and worldwide, aim to safeguard and protect culture and highlight its importance and significance. People‟s existence and their freedom of choice is a prerequisite that all countries have to render and struggle in favor of both the cultural right and the right to culture. Mainly, the focus is upon the European level since its effectiveness is higher than the international one. This is the case due to the fact that EU “measures” (conventions, directives, recommendations, etc.) are an extremely powerful tool, of major effectiveness to its Member States. This happens because its implementation is binding to the Member States; they are forced to obey otherwise it is provided to impose fines on them and defend themselves. Generally, countries avoid finding themselves in this difficult and liable position because their credibility will suffer greatly. All the same, EU doesn‟t confine itself only to these measures but it takes active steps through numerous programs and initiatives in order to communicate the notion of culture and its importance to all over the world. However, culture should not be seen separately from education. Living in a world of globalization and economic crisis, people migrate in order to find a better future. So, they bring with them their language, their traditions and their religions. As a result, education should be ready to welcome these people and accept diversity. Children should learn from an early age that whatever foreign is not evil and they should be taught not to be afraid but to respect the differentiation and diversity and be willing to share. For this reason there are various programs which are presented in order to familiarize people with the concept of culture and teach them to enjoy whatever “culture” they want to. Last but not least, there are also some reflections and further ideas and thoughts so as to improve the current situation in Greece on this matter.