The aim of this thesis is to understand the Greek-Orthodox of Constantinople through their historical course from the Byzantine period till nowadays, through the way they were depicted by the cinematographic lens as well as through the oral narratives of both themselves and other people who lived with them. Since they are the oldest community of the cosmopolitan Constantinople, their history is inextricably linked to the long history of the city. However, today the community does not count more than a few thousand souls. So, the question that arises is whether the community has a future or not. Despite the fact that its demographic collapse is a bad omen for its existence, there are still many optimistic voices and efforts from the Greek-Orthodox who still live in Constantinople and from those who do not live there anymore. The data and observations we explore here are based, apart from the historical sources, on two films as well as published and unpublished oral narratives, which address two of the milestones for the community. These are the riots of September 1955 and the deportations of 1964, when the Greek-Orthodox community was the sole target of Turkish nationalism. Based on these events and their consequences the issue of nostalgia and the way their identity and collective memory formed will be raised.