Collapse of thin-wall composite sections subjected to high speed axial loading

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Collapse of thin-wall composite sections subjected to high speed axial loading (EN)

Mamalis, AG (EN)
Viegelahn, GL (EN)
Yuan, YB (EN)

N/A (EN)

In this paper, static and dynamic crushing tests in a speed range of 18-24 m/s were conducted on specimens of different geometries: square tube, circular tube, and circular cone specimens made of three different composite materials. Two of the composite materials consist of fiberglass and vinylester resin, but with different fibre contents and ply lay-up. The third is made of fiberglass and polyester resin. This study investigated the effects of specimen geometry and crush speed on the specific energy absorption of these composite materials. It was found that for specimens showing stable crushing, greater thickness tends to reduce the specific energy absorption; square tubes have less specific energy absorption than circular tubes, and greater cone angle results in lower specific energy. Crushing speed does not have significant effect on the specific energy absorption of thin-walled circular or square tubes made of the three kinds of composite materials. However, specific energy of thin-walled circular conical specimens made of polyester resin and random chopped strand mat of glassfibre were reduced by some 35% under a crushing speed of about 21 m/s. It is also clear from this study that at higher crush speeds the crushing mechanisms of tubular specimens with large thickness differ from the static cases. (EN)


Crushing tests (EN)
Fiberglass (EN)
Ply lay-up (EN)
Glass fiber reinforced plastics (EN)
Thin wall composite sections (EN)
Vinylester resins (EN)
Automobile materials (EN)
Composite materials (EN)
Vinyl resins (EN)
Mechanical testing (EN)
Fibre contents (EN)
Specific energy absorption (EN)
Energy absorption (EN)
Crashworthiness (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

International Journal of Vehicle Design (EN)



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