Dynamic simulation and control of conveyor-belt dryers

 
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Dynamic simulation and control of conveyor-belt dryers (EN)

Marinos-Kouris, D (EN)
Kiranoudis, CT (EN)
Maroulis, ZB (EN)

N/A (EN)

The dynamic behavior of conveyor-belt dryers involving externally controlled heat and mass transfer phenomena has been studied via digital simulation. The investigation concerned an industrial dryer used for the moisture removal from wet raisins. The dryer consisted of three drying chambers and a cooling section, all involving the same conveyor belt. For each chamber, perfect temperature control was assumed for the drying air temperature, while its humidity was left uncontrolled. The effect of material temperature and moisture content at the entrance of the dryer and the drying air temperature on material temperature and moisture content at the exit of the dryer and the corresponding drying air humidity, have been explored by step forcing the disturbance and manipulated variables in the non-linear dryer model simulator. Results showed that material moisture content at the exit of the dryer is greatly affected by material moisture content at the entrance as well as by the drying air temperature. Reliable transfer functions for each process module were obtained by fitting several transfer function models on the simulated data using a least-squares approach. It was found that when input material moisture content could be instantly measured, the system responded slowly enough so that excellent control could be achieved for material moisture content at the exit of each chamber. In this case a PI-feedback cascade temperature controller was used. When a 15 sec delay measuring sensor was introduced, poor performance was observed. A simplified lead-lag feedforward controller, added to the system, in conjunction with the primary PI-feedback cascade controller, resulted in good control performance of the delay sensor system. (EN)

journalArticle

Conveyor belt dryer (EN)
Cooling (EN)
Digital simulation (EN)
Dynamic Simulation (EN)
Mass transfer (EN)
Drying air temperature (EN)
Control (EN)
Dryers (equipment) (EN)
Dynamics (EN)
Moisture content (EN)
Drying air humidity (EN)
Thermal effects (EN)
Belt conveyors (EN)
Dynamic simulation (EN)
Mathematical models (EN)
Temperature control (EN)
Drying chamber (EN)
Simulators (EN)
Atmospheric humidity (EN)
Heat transfer (EN)
Drying (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Drying Technology (EN)

1994


Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, NY, United States (EN)



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