An experimental/numerical method for the efficiency calibration of low-energy germanium detectors

 
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1996 (EN)
An experimental/numerical method for the efficiency calibration of low-energy germanium detectors (EN)

Simopoulos, SE (EN)
Anagnostakis, MJ (EN)

N/A (EN)

Several radionuclides emit significant gamma rays at energies below 80 keV, which in many cases are essential for their detection in radioenvironmental assays. Gamma spectroscopic analysis at this energy region is conducted using planar Low Energy Germanium detectors, with high and almost constant efficiency in the energy region between 20 and 80 keV. In the analysis of solid and liquid samples, with these detectors, the count rate is highly affected by the intense serf-absorption of the low energy photons. Thus, the difference in the absorption properties between the calibration source and the sample requires the introduction of an efficiency correction factor. A method applicable for cylindrical geometries was adapted for the determination of the above correction factor using a newly developed experimental-numerical. technique and a Fortran program. This program, using as input the source-to-detector geometry and the values of the linear attenuation coefficient (mu) of both the calibration source and the material to be analysed, calculates the efficiency correction factor. The value of the linear attenuation coefficient (mu) needed for this calculation is being experimentally estimated for each material to be analysed. The technique has been cross-checked using standard materials. According to the results obtained, in the case of surface sail samples, lignite, and fly ash, the values of mu ranges from 0.2 to 0.9 cm(-1). This leads to efficiency correction factors, for the geometry used and a 4M HCl mixed radionuclide calibration source, in the range of 0.5 to 1.2 for the photons emitted by Pb-210 at 46.52 keV and Am-241 at 59.54 keV. The correction factor for 185.99 keV photons is slightly lower than 1.0, even for the most absorbing of the materials analysed. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd. (EN)

journalArticle

Numerical Method (EN)
Fly Ash (EN)
FORTRAN (EN)
Gamma Ray (EN)
Numerical Technique (EN)
SELF-ABSORPTION (EN)
SAMPLES (EN)
Low Energy (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL (EN)

1996


PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD (EN)



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