Modeling and optimization of a tunnel grape dryer

 
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1996 (EN)
Modeling and optimization of a tunnel grape dryer (EN)

Marinos-Kouris, D (EN)
Tsamparlis, M (EN)
Kiranoudis, CT (EN)
Maroulis, ZB (EN)

N/A (EN)

A mathematical model of a tunnel dryer for the dehydration of grapes is presented and applied to the determination of optimal operating conditions of the dryer. The dryer is of semi-batch structure, operating with trucks and trays. The cycle period is determined by meeting appropriate quality specifications for the final product. The nominal conditions were evaluated by suitably minimizing the total fuel demand, expressed as fuel consumption to production capacity, under some constraints regarding the production rate of the dryer and the maximum permissible air temperature. An nominal air humidity value was evaluated suggesting a minimum cycle period value for the production capacity and fuel demand. The nominal conditions required operation of the dryer on the maximum permissible air temperature. The optimum operation was evaluated by maximizing the total profit resulting from the operation of the dryer. The optimization variables were temperature and humidity of the drying air stream. A characteristic case study of industrial grape was included to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. (EN)

journalArticle

Hot air heating (EN)
Permissible air temperature (EN)
Dryers (equipment) (EN)
Tunnel grape dryer (EN)
Mathematical models (EN)
Drying air stream (EN)
Dehydration (EN)
Air humidity (EN)
Optimization (EN)
Drying (EN)
Fruits (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Drying Technology (EN)

1996


MARCEL DEKKER INC (EN)



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