Detoxification of tannery waste liquors with an electrolysis system

 
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Detoxification of tannery waste liquors with an electrolysis system (EN)

Vlyssides, AG (EN)
Israilides, CJ (EN)

N/A (EN)

This paper describes an electrochemical treatment and detoxification of tannery waste liquors (TWL). In this technique, TWL was passed through an electrolytic cell using a Ti/Pt anode and a stainless steel 304 cathode. Owing to the strong oxidizing potential of the chemicals produced (chlorine, oxygen, hydroxyl radicals and other oxidants) the organic and inorganic pollutants (ammonia, sulfides and chromium) were wet oxidized to carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide. In addition, chromium was precipitated as Cr-2(SO4)(3). Experiments were run in a batch, laboratory-scale, pilot-plant, and the results are reported herein. After 30 min and 3 h of electrolysis at 0.26 A cm(-2), 45 degrees C and pH 9, total chemical oxygen demand (GOD) was reduced by 52 and 83% and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) was reduced by 35 and 66%, respectively. Additionally, total suspended solids (TSS) were reduced by 8.6 and 26%, total phenolic compounds were reduced by 95.6 and 99.4%. Ammonia, sulfides and soluble chromium were reduced by 100% in both cases, while the mean anode efficiency was 81 g h(-1) A(-1) m(-2) and 1.9 g h(-1) A(-1) m(-2). Also, the mean energy consumption was 4.8 kwh kg(-1) of COD reduced and 200 kwh kg(-1) of COD reduced for 0.5 and 3 h, respectively. These results strongly indicate that this electrolytic method of total oxidation of TWL cannot be cost effective for wide use. However, it can be used as an effective pretreatment stage for detoxification of the wastewater, owing to great efficiency especially with respect to COD and toxicity (phenolics) reduction. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. (EN)

journalArticle

Oxidation of phenols (EN)
electrolysis (EN)
chemical oxygen demand (EN)
stainless steel (EN)
suspended particulate matter (EN)
ammonia (EN)
leather industry (EN)
nitrogen oxide (EN)
oxygen (EN)
Gadus morhua (EN)
Chromium(III) removal (EN)
carbon dioxide (EN)
sulfur dioxide (EN)
Pseudomonas phage gh-1 (EN)
chromium (EN)
Electrochemical treatment (EN)
Tannery waste liquors (EN)
biochemical oxygen demand (EN)
oxidation (EN)
waste water management (EN)
article (EN)
chlorine (EN)
hydroxyl radical (EN)
sulfide (EN)
time (EN)
phenol derivative (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Environmental Pollution (EN)

1997


ELSEVIER SCI LTD (EN)



*Η εύρυθμη και αδιάλειπτη λειτουργία των διαδικτυακών διευθύνσεων των συλλογών (ψηφιακό αρχείο, καρτέλα τεκμηρίου στο αποθετήριο) είναι αποκλειστική ευθύνη των αντίστοιχων Φορέων περιεχομένου.