Investigation of inclusion re-entrainment from the steel-slag interface

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1998 (EN)
Investigation of inclusion re-entrainment from the steel-slag interface (EN)

Bergeles, G (EN)
Bouris, D (EN)

N/A (EN)

The mechanism of inclusion elimination from continuous steel casting is investigated at the steel-slag interface. Inclusion impact at the interface is considered under the concept of energy balance, with buoyancy forces, fluid dynamic forces, interfacial adhesion, and rebound forces determining whether the particle will pass through the interface or be retained by it. The effects of the inclusion, slag, and steel properties, as well as the effect of inclusion impact velocity, are considered at the interface. The interfacial tension between the slag and the inclusion should be smaller than that between the steel and the inclusion (negative wettability), so that the inclusions can pass into the slag layer and avoid re-entrainment. The inclusion particles that reach an equilibrium state at the steel-slag interface are subject to re-entrainment back into the steel, due to lift forces applied to them by the turbulent boundary layer at the interface. A removal criterion dependent upon the shear stress is introduced, and then the removal rates are calculated from the turbulent burst theory. It is found that the smaller diameter inclusions are trapped at the interface. Of the particles that remain at the interface, it is the larger ones that are more easily removed by the lift forces due to the turbulent shear stress. High slag viscosity is desirable, since it makes inclusion re-entrainment into the casting product more difficult. (EN)


Viscosity (EN)
Turbulent burst theory (EN)
Turbulent flow (EN)
Steel castings (EN)
Buoyancy (EN)
Inclusions (EN)
Adhesion (EN)
Lift (EN)
Slags (EN)
Particles (particulate matter) (EN)
Interfaces (materials) (EN)
Shear stress (EN)
Surface tension (EN)
Boundary layer flow (EN)

Εθνικό Μετσόβιο Πολυτεχνείο (EL)
National Technical University of Athens (EN)

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science (EN)



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