The era that protons were gendered. Women in the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Athens (1922-1967) (full text in Greek)

 
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2016 (EN)
Η εποχή που τα πρωτόνια είχαν φύλο. Γυναίκες στη Φυσικομαθηματική Σχολή του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών (1922-1967) (EL)
The era that protons were gendered. Women in the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Athens (1922-1967) (full text in Greek) (EN)
The era that protons were gendered. Women in the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Athens (1922-1967) (FR)

Sigountou, Vicky
Kimourtzis, Panagiotis

Η αύξηση της γυναικείας παρουσίας σε πανεπιστημιακές θέσεις (καθηγητικές, εργαστηριακές, ερευνητικές) συντελείται διεθνώς με τρόπο αργό κατά τον 20ο αιώνα. Η υπο-εκπροσώπηση και οι όροι συμμετοχής των γυναικών στα πανεπιστήμια απασχολούν εντατικά την έρευνα κατά τα τελευταία χρόνια. Με ερευνητικές ψηφίδες που παράγονται για χώρες, πανεπιστήμια, σχολές και επιστημονικούς τομείς, αργο-συντίθεται μiα συνολική εικόνα της γυναικείας επιστημονικής παρουσίας. Το άρθρο αυτό επιχειρεί να συνεισφέρει στη σταδιακή συμπλήρωση αυτής της εικόνας. Στη Φυσικομαθηματική Σχολή του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών, κατά την περίοδο που εξετάζουμε, εμφανίζονται οι πρώτες γυναίκες. Εισέρχονται στον “ivory tower” που είναι το πανεπιστήμιο, μέσα από δύσκολες διαδικασίες, με πολλούς περιορισμούς και συχνές ανασχέσεις. Κάθε βήμα αυτής της αφετηριακής διαδικασίας έχει ιδιαίτερη αξία. Η εξέτασή του, εκτός από ερμηνείες για το πώς η γυναίκα γίνεται πανεπιστημιακός, έχει να μας δώσει καίριες ερμηνείες για τις γενικότερες συνθήκες που διαμορφώνουν την ταυτότητα της επιστημονικής κοινότητας των μαθηματικών και των φυσικών επιστημών. Η είσοδος των πρώτων γυναικών στη Φυσικομαθηματική Σχολή του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών εξετάζεται πολύπλευρα. Το status τους διερευνάται μέσα στις γενικότερες συνθήκες που διέπουν τον πανεπιστημιακό θεσμό και την ακαδημαϊκή μικροκοσμογραφία (συναγωνισμοί και ανταγωνισμοί, επιστημονική έριδα και επιστημονική σύμπνοια, πολυ-ιεραρχικές σχέσεις, συγκέντρωση κεφαλαίου και εξουσίας). Καταστατική θέση είναι ότι η γυναικεία παρουσία στο επιστημονικό επίτευγμα συσχετίζεται με ζητήματα που αφορούν στο κοινωνικό και πολιτικό πλαίσιο μέσα στο οποίο αυτό επιχειρείται, αλλά και με τις κοινωνικές σχέσεις που αναπτύσσονται στους επιστημονικούς χώρους. Στόχευση του άρθρου είναι να εισφέρει ερμηνευτικές εκλεπτύνσεις για τους τρόπους με τους οποίους, μέσα από την διαμόρφωση της επιστημονικής κουλτούρας και των επιστημονικών πρακτικών, καθορίζονται η ταυτότητα και η εξέλιξη των επιμέρους επιστημονικών πεδίων της Φυσικομαθηματικής Σχολής. (EL)
Increase of female presence in university positions (academic teaching, laboratory and research) was slow paced on an international level throughout the 20th century. This under-representation, as well as conditions of female participation in universities, has been the focus of intensive research during recent years. Thus, research aspects of the scientific presence of women have been gradually formed for countries, universities, colleges and scientific fields, contributing towards a more comprehensive image. This article attempts to support the gradual completion of this effort.The first women appear during the period in question, in the Mathematics and Natural Sciences Faculty of the University of Athens. Women entered the “ivory tower”, through difficult conditions and circumstances, often with many restrictions and interruptions. Every step of this unprecedented process is of particular value. Therefore, examining this not only provides insights into how women became academics, but also allows for critical interpretations of general conditions that still shape the identity of the mathematics and natural sciences academic community. Examination of the appearance of these first women in the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Athens is multidisciplinary. Their status is investigated within the general conditions that govern the academic institution and “micro-cosmography”; competitions and rivalries, scientific controversy, multi-hierarchical relationships and the accumulation of power. The general consensus is that the contribution of women the scientific achievements is related to issues of the social and political context within which these achievements are made, as well as to social relationships that develop within the scientific community. The aim of this article is to contribute the refinement of the methods that govern the formation of scientific culture and practices and, thus, define the identity and the development of scientific sub-fields at the University of Athens. (EN)
Increase of female presence in university positions (academic teaching, laboratory and research) was slow paced on an international level throughout the 20th century. This under-representation, as well as conditions of female participation in universities, has been the focus of intensive research during recent years. Thus, research aspects of the scientific presence of women have been gradually formed for countries, universities, colleges and scientific fields, contributing towards a more comprehensive image. This article attempts to support the gradual completion of this effort.The first women appear during the period in question, in the Mathematics and Natural Sciences Faculty of the University of Athens. Women entered the “ivory tower”, through difficult conditions and circumstances, often with many restrictions and interruptions. Every step of this unprecedented process is of particular value. Therefore, examining this not only provides insights into how women became academics, but also allows for critical interpretations of general conditions that still shape the identity of the mathematics and natural sciences academic community. Examination of the appearance of these first women in the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the University of Athens is multidisciplinary. Their status is investigated within the general conditions that govern the academic institution and “micro-cosmography”; competitions and rivalries, scientific controversy, multi-hierarchical relationships and the accumulation of power. The general consensus is that the contribution of women the scientific achievements is related to issues of the social and political context within which these achievements are made, as well as to social relationships that develop within the scientific community. The aim of this article is to contribute the refinement of the methods that govern the formation of scientific culture and practices and, thus, define the identity and the development of scientific sub-fields at the University of Athens.   (FR)

Eπιστήμες της Επαίδευσης (EN)
Επιστήμη, Φύλο, Εργαστήρια, Γυναίκες Καθηγήτριες-Υφηγήτριες, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών (EL)
University of Patras (EN)

Greek

2016-02-10


Hrray (EN)

Academia; Αρ. 6 (2016); 79-132 (EL)
Academia; Αρ. 6 (2016); 79-132 (EN)
Academia; Αρ. 6 (2016); 79-132 (FR)

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