Models of living and non-living beings among indigenous community children
FLORES-CAMACHO, FERNANDO; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
CALDERÓN-CANALES, ELENA; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
GALLEGOS-CÁZARES, LETICIA; University of Patras
GARCÍA-RIVERA, BEATRIZ; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
The aim of this paper is to understand the way indigenous Nahua children classify entities as living/non-living and justify their classification and to determine whether there is a biological thinking related to their particular cultural background. Thirty-three children from a public elementary school located in the Sierra Norte of Puebla were interviewed within and outside an academic context. From the analysis, we identified three main models: an intuitive model, a school biology model and a cultural model. The data suggest that the three models can coexist in children’s explanations. The use of both the intuitive model and school biology model increase with education, but the cultural model is not abandoned.
Indigenous education, biology education, models, living beings classification