A comparison of roots as units of analysis in Modern Hebrew and Spanish: exploring a remnant approach to defining roots

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A comparison of roots as units of analysis in Modern Hebrew and Spanish: exploring a remnant approach to defining roots (EN)

Montoya, Ignacio L.; City University of New York

The root as a morphological unit has been utilized in the description and explanation of many linguistic patterns. The concept of the root, though, is not approached consistently across diverse morphological theories, making cross-linguistic comparison problematic. This paper explores a methodology for comparing roots across languages using what is called a remnant approach: Roots are characterized as the elements that remain after accounting for inflectional and derivational morphology. Such a characterization is preferable to a characterization in which roots are defined a priori in terms of a set of properties because it offers a procedure for identifying roots that is independent of the properties that we want to examine. The methodology for identifying roots via a remnant approach is illustrated using data from Modern Hebrew and Spanish, and a comparison of roots identified in this way is offered. Several observations from this comparison are discussed, including, for instance, that roots identified in such a manner have a more characteristic distribution than form or meaning in both Hebrew and Spanish. This and other findings suggest potential parameters that can serve as the basis of a more extensive typology of roots. In addition, the preliminary results of this work offer insights that can inform morphological theory. (EN)

Άρθρο που αξιολογήθηκε από ομότιμους αξιολογητές (EL)

Hebrew (EN)
cross-linguistic (EN)
Spanish (EN)
roots (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών (EL)
University of Patras (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


Mediterranean Morphology Meetings (MMM) (EN)

Mediterranean Morphology Meeting; Τόμ. 10 (2016): Quo vadis morphology?; 136-145 (EL)
Mediterranean Morphology Meetings; Τόμ. 10 (2016): Quo vadis morphology?; 136-145 (EN)

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