A computational study of ethyl chloride conversion reactions catalyzed by acidic zeolites

 
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2010 (EN)
A computational study of ethyl chloride conversion reactions catalyzed by acidic zeolites (EN)

Papayannis, D. K. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Papayannis, D. K. (EN)

The interaction of ethyl chloride with two model zeolite clusters, each including one hydroxyl Bronsted acid site, has been investigated using density functional theory (OFT) and MM methods. The first model contains three tetrahedral zeolite units (T3) and has been studied at the B3LYP(full) level in combination with the 6-311G(d,p) and the cc-pVTZ basis sets. The second model is represented by a 12-membered ring (112) and has been investigated with the help of the two-layered ONIOM (B3LYP/6-31 1G(d,p): UFF) methodology. The reliability of the latter method was checked against the optimization of the adsorption complex in the T12 cluster at the B3LYP(full)/6-31 1G(d,p) level. The calculations show that the reaction mechanism involves two competing channels, a direct E2 type dehydrohalogenation channel and a S(N)2 type pathway through the intermediate formation of an alkoxy species, the latter channel presenting a lower activation energy than the former. The overall potential energy surface becomes more attractive when using the more realistic T12 framework and the calculated difference in the activation energy barrier heights between the two channels increases from similar to 1 kcal mo1(-1) in the T3 framework to similar to 4 kcal mo1(-1) in T12 model. Finally, the effect of zeolite acidity on the reaction barrier is investigated by increasing the length of a terminal Si-H bond in the T3 model. The results indicate the distinct reduction of the activation barrier as the acidity increases. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (EN)

ethyl chloride (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Journal of Molecular Structure-Theochem (EN)

2010

<Go to ISI>://000282112600009

Elsevier (EN)



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