Characterization of a Wild, Novel Nisin A-Producing Lactococcus Strain with an L. lactis subsp cremoris Genotype and an L. lactis subsp lactis Phenotype, Isolated from Greek Raw Milk

 
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Characterization of a Wild, Novel Nisin A-Producing Lactococcus Strain with an L. lactis subsp cremoris Genotype and an L. lactis subsp lactis Phenotype, Isolated from Greek Raw Milk (EN)

Parapouli, M. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Parapouli, M. (EN)

Several molecular taxonomic studies have revealed that many natural (wild) Lactococcus lactis strains of dairy origin which are phenotypically representative of the L. lactis subspecies lactis cluster genotypically within subspecies cremoris and vice versa. Recently, we isolated two wild nisin-producing (Nis(+)) L. lactis strains, M78 and M104, of the lactis phenotype from Greek raw milk (J. Samelis, A. Lianou, A. Kakouri, C. Delbes, I. Rogelj, B. B. Matijasic, and M. C. Montel, J. Food Prot. 72:783-790, 2009); strain M78 possess a novel nisin A sequence (GenBank accession number HM219853). In this study, the actual subspecies identity of M78 and M104 isolates was elucidated, using 16S rRNA and acmA (encoding lactococcal N-acetylmuramidase) gene and histidine biosynthesis operon polymorphisms and 16S rRNA and ldh (encoding lactate dehydrogenase) gene phylogenies. Except the acmA gene analysis, molecular tools revealed that isolates M78 and M104 clustered with strains of the cremoris genotype, including the LMG 6897(T) strain, while they were distant from strains of the lactis genotype, including the LMG 6890(T) strain. The two wild isolates had identical repetitive sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR), randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), plasmid, and whole-cell protein profiles and shared high 16S rRNA (99.9%) and ldh (100%) gene sequence homologies. In contrast, they exhibited identical sugar fermentation and enzymatic patterns which were similar to those of the subspecies lactis LMG 6890(T) strain. To our knowledge, this is the first complete identification report on a wild L. lactis subsp. cremoris genotype of the lactis phenotype which is capable of nisin A production and, thus, has strong potential for use as a novel dairy starter and/or protective culture. (EN)

control listeria-monocytogenes (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Appl Environ Microbiol (EN)

2013

<Go to ISI>://000318611800018

American Society for Microbiology (EN)



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