A method of distinction between microporosity and mesoporosity using BET-Scatchard plots

 
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A method of distinction between microporosity and mesoporosity using BET-Scatchard plots (EN)

Armatas, G. S. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Armatas, G. S. (EN)

In this work we describe a method for determining microporosity and mesoporosity in porous solids using BET-Scatchard (B-S) plots [P.J. Pomonis, D.E. Petrakis, A.K. Landavos, K.M. Kolonia, G.S. Armatas, S.D. Sklari, P.C. Dragani, A. Zarhala, V.N. Stathopoulos, A.T. Sdoukos, Micropor, Mesopor. Mater. 69 (2004) 97-107]. These plots have the form V[1 - (P/P-0)]1(P/ P-0) = CVm - (C - 1) V[1 - (P/P-0)] and provide graphs which have the form of an inclined V i.e. >. The slope of the lines V[1 - (P/P-0)]/(P/P-0) vs V[1 - (P/P-0)] corresponds to (C - 1) from which the values of C can be determined in the whole range 0 < (P/P-0) < 1. The inversion point of those graphs, termed I-point, corresponds exactly to the volume of monolayer V,, which is thus determined independently of C. We employed this technique in 10 silicas with specific surface areas (S,) varying between 484 and 885 m(2) g(-1) and, specific pore volume (V-p) between 0.44 and 1.57 cm(3) g(-1). The percentage of micropore volume (V-mic), determined using as reference standard isotherms and a(s)-plots, was found between 5% and 33% while the corresponding micropore surface area (S-mic) was found between 17% and 78%. The same values of V-mic and S-mic, were determined via the B-S plots, without using any standard isotherms or any non-porous solid as a reference, as follows: First we draw plots of the form C = f(V/V-mic) which are unique for each sample. Then we draw the plots dC/d(V/V-mic) = f(V/V-m). Those last lines have an S-type form. It was found that the V-mic values estimated from (P/P-0) approximate to 0 up to the values of (P/P-0) where the lines dC/d(V/V-mic) =f(V/V-mic) obtain zero slope, correspond to the micropore volume, and tally with the V-mic estimated via the a(s)-plots. This experimental evidence is supported by theoretical suggestions. This new methodology via the B-S plots (I-point method) is easy, unique and self-supported for each particular porous material whose V-mic and S-mic values can be thus determined without resolving to the use of any standard isotherm or preparing and testing non-porous samples for comparison. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (EN)

pores (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Microporous and Mesoporous Materials (EN)

2005

<Go to ISI>://000231796600030

Elsevier (EN)



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