Development of a faradic impedimetric immunosensor for the detection of Salmonella typhimurium in milk

 
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2008 (EN)
Development of a faradic impedimetric immunosensor for the detection of Salmonella typhimurium in milk (EN)

Mantzila, A. G. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Mantzila, A. G. (EN)

The development of a faradic impedimetric immunosensor for the detection of S. typhimurium in milk is described for first time. Polyclonal anti-Salmonella was cross-linked, in the presence of glutaraldehyde, on gold electrodes modified with a single 11-amino-1-undecanethiol (MUAM) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) or a mixed SAM of MUAM and 6-mercapto-1-hexanol at a constant 1 + 3 proportion, respectively. The mixed SAM was also deposited in the presence of triethylamine, which was used to prevent the formation of interplane hydrogen bonds among amine-terminated thiols. The effect of the different surface modifications on both the sensitivity and the selectivity of the immunosensors was investigated. The alteration of the interfacial features of the electrodes due to different modification or recognition steps, was measured by faradic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in the presence of a hexacyanoferrate(II)/(III) redox couple. A substantial amplification of the measuring signal was achieved by performing the immunoreaction directly in culture samples. Ibis resulted in immunosensors with great analytical features, as follows: (i) high sensitivity; the response of the immunosensors increases with respect to the detection time as a consequence of the simultaneous proliferation of the viable bacteria cells in the tested samples; (ii) validity; the response of the immunosensors is practically insensitive to the presence of dead cells; (iii) working simplicity, elimination of various centrifugation and washing steps, which are used for the isolation of bacteria cells from the culture. The proposed immunosensors were successfully used for the detection of S. typhimurium in experimentally inoculated milk samples. The effect of different postblocking agents on the performance of the immunosensors in real samples was also examined. (EN)

self-assembled monolayers (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Anal Chem (EN)

2008

<Go to ISI>://000253165400035

American Chemical Society (EN)



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