Differential determination of phospholipase A(2) and PAF-acetylhydrolase in biological fluids using fluorescent substrates

 
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Differential determination of phospholipase A(2) and PAF-acetylhydrolase in biological fluids using fluorescent substrates (EN)

Kitsiouli, E. I. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Kitsiouli, E. I. (EN)

The purpose of the present study was the development and evaluation of a fluorimetric method for the screening and differential determination of phospholipase A(2) and PAF-acetylhydrolase in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and serum. Phospholipase A(2) was determined using C-12-NBD-PC in the presence of Ca2+, from the slope of the fluorescence enhancement due to the formation of C-12-NBD-fatty acid. PAF-acetylhydrolase was determined using C-6-NBD-PC, from the slope of the curve due to C-6-NBD-fatty acid formation in the absence of Ca2+, The results were confirmed after TLC analysis. The method's selectivity was evaluated by comparing to radiometric measurements. Light scattering did not interfere and inner filter effects was not observed under our experimental conditions. The effects of pH, temperature, and Ca2+ were investigated. Protein caused an increase in the background fluorescence of both NBD-PCs. The standard curves of both NBD-fatty acids exhibited the same slope. Linearity extended at least up to 4.5 nmoles per mi of reaction mixture at the normal pH 7.4, The fluorescence of the NBD-fatty acids remained stable for increasing concentrations of BAT, fluid and serum and for BSA up to 100 mu g/ml of reaction mixture. Porcine pancreatic PLase Ap showed preference for C-12-NBD-PC in the presence of Ca2+, while without Ca2+, serum PAF-AcH hydrolyzed only C-6-NBD-PC. The method is highly sensitivite, accurate, and reproducible and can be applied for the differential determination of phospholipase A(2) and PAF-acetylhydrolase activities in BAL fluid and serum.-Kitsiouli, E. I., G. Nakos, and M. E. Lekka. Differential determination of phospholipase A(2) and PAF-acetylhydrolase in biological fluids using fluorescent substrates. (EN)

phospholipase a(2) (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Journal of Lipid Research (EN)

1999

<Go to ISI>://000084328500022

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (EN)



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