Antioxidant activities and phenolic composition of extracts from Greek oregano, Greek sage, and summer savory

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Antioxidant activities and phenolic composition of extracts from Greek oregano, Greek sage, and summer savory (EN)

Exarchou, V. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Επιστημών και Τεχνολογιών. Τμήμα Βιολογικών Εφαρμογών και Τεχνολογιών (EL)
Exarchou, V. (EN)

Oregano vulgare L. ssp. hirtum (Greek oregano), Salvia fruticosa (Greek sage), and Satureja hortensis (summer savory) were examined as potential sources of phenolic antioxidant compounds. The antioxidant capacities (antiradical activity by DPPH. test, phosphatidylcholine liposome oxidation, Rancimat test) and total phenol content were determined in the ethanol and acetone extracts of the dried material obtained from the botanically characterized plants. The ground material was also tested by the Rancimat test for its effect on the stability of sunflower oil. The data indicated that ground material and both ethanol and acetone extracts had antioxidant activity. Chromatographic (TLC, RP-HPLC) and NMR procedures were employed to cross-validate the presence of antioxidants in ethanol and acetone extracts. The major component of all ethanol extracts was rosmarinic acid as determined by RP-HPLC and NMR. Chromatography indicated the presence of other phenolic antioxidants, mainly found in the acetone extracts. The presence of the flavones luteolin and apigenin and the flavonol quercetin was confirmed in the majority of the extracts by the use of a novel H-1 NMR procedure, which is based on the strongly deshielded OH protons in the region of 12-13 ppm without previous chromatographic separation. This deshielding may be attributed to the strong intramolecular six-membered ring hydrogen bond of the OH(5)...CO(4) moiety. (EN)

phenolic antioxidants (EN)

J Agric Food Chem (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


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