Free Electron Transfer from Xanthenyl- and Fluorenylsilanes (Me3 or Ph3) to Parent Solvent Radical Cations: Effects of Molecule Dynamics

 
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2005 (EN)
Free Electron Transfer from Xanthenyl- and Fluorenylsilanes (Me3 or Ph3) to Parent Solvent Radical Cations: Effects of Molecule Dynamics (EN)

Karakostas, N. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Karakostas, N. (EN)

Parent radical cations of nonpolar solvents (alkanes and alkyl chlorides) ionize 9-(trimethylsilyl)xanthenes and 9-(trimethylsilyl)fluorenes in a diffusion-controlled electron transfer. The actual electron jump as the deciding part of the process does not require a defined encounter complex, and therefore the reactants are not subjected to any geometry optimization. Considering the molecule dynamics of the donors, bending motions of the silyl group are concerted with fluctuations of the highest occupied molecular orbital electrons. Ionizing such a standing conformer mixture creates metastable (microsecond) as well as dissociative donor radical cations. A mobility restriction of the benzylic silane group in positions vertical to the phenyl plane stabilizes the radical cations and accounts for a declining amount of dissociative radical cations, which undergo C-Si bond fragmentation in the order benzylsilane > xanthenylsilane > fluorenylsilane. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

J. Phys. Chem. A. (EN)

English

2005


American Chemical Society (EN)



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