A Zymomonas mobilis mutant with delayed growth on high glucose concentrations

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A Zymomonas mobilis mutant with delayed growth on high glucose concentrations (EN)

Douka, E. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Douka, E. (EN)

Exponentially growing cells of Zymomonas mobilis normally exhibit a lag period of up to 3 h when transferred from 0.11 M (2%) to 0.55 M (10%) glucose liquid medium. A mutant of Z, mobilis (CU1Rif2), fortuitously isolated, showed more than a 20-h lag period when grown under the same conditions, whereas on 0.55 M glucose solid medium, it failed to grow. The growth of CU1Rif2 on elevated concentrations of other fermentable (0.55 M sucrose or fructose) or nonfermentable (0.11 M glucose plus 0.44 M maltose or xylose) sugars appeared to be normal, Surprisingly, CU1Rif2 cells grew without any delay on 0.55 M glucose on which wild-type cells had been incubated for 3 h and removed at the beginning of their exponential phase. This apparent preconditioning was not observed with medium obtained from wild-type cells grown on 0.11 M glucose and supplemented to 0.55 M after removal of the wild-type cells. Undelayed growth of CU1Rif2 on 0.55 M glucose previously conditioned by the wild type was impaired by heating or protease treatment. It is suggested that in Z, mobilis, a diffusible proteinaceous heat-labile factor, transitionally not present in 0.55 M glucose CU1Rif2 cultures, triggers growth on 0.55 M glucose. Biochemical analysis of glucose uptake and glycolytic enzymes implied that glucose assimilation was not directly involved in the phenomenon. By use of a wild-type Z. mobilis genomic library, a 4.5-kb DNA fragment which complemented in low copy number the glucose-defective phenotype as well as glucokinase and glucose uptake of CU1Rif2 was isolated. This fragment carries a gene cluster consisting of Four putative coding regions, encoding 167, 167, 145, and 220 amino acids with typical Z, mobilis codon usage, -35 and -10 promoter elements, and individual Shine-Dalgarno consensus sites. However, strong homologies were not deterred in a BLAST2 (EMBL-Heidelberg) computer search with known protein sequences. (EN)

escherichia-coli (EN)

J Bacteriol (EN)



American Society for Microbiology (EN)

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