Accumulation profiles of persistent organochlorines in liver and fat tissues of various waterbird species from Greece

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Accumulation profiles of persistent organochlorines in liver and fat tissues of various waterbird species from Greece (EN)

Sakellarides, T. M. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Sakellarides, T. M. (EN)

Waterbirds are particularly subject to accumulation of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that have been shown to constitute a major hazard for this group of birds. Liver and fat tissue from ten species belonging to the orders Ciconiformes (Ardeidae, Oconfidae, Phoenicopteridae) and Pelicaniformes (Pelecanidae, Phalacrocoracidae) were used as bioindicators in order to assess environmental pollution by POPs (HCHs, DDTs, cyclodienes, PCBs) in Greek wetlands. To our knowledge, this is the first study on POPs in livers of water birds in Greece and Eastern Mediterranean area. The DDTs consisted mainly of p,p'-DDE with percentages over 60% in the great majority of the samples. The highest Sigma DDT concentrations were measured in the liver and subcutaneous fat of Phoenicopterus rubber and in Ardea Purpurea liver (15 565, 24 706 and 10 406 ng g(-1) wet weight, respectively). Low concentrations of cyclodienes (Cycls) and HCHs were detected occasionally and the contamination pattern of OCPs in most species of waterbirds followed the order Sigma DDTs > Sigma Cycls > Sigma HCHs. Individual values of total PCBs reached the levels of 4468 and 3252 ng g(-1) wet weight, for Nycticorax nycticorax and Egretta garzetta samples respectively. Some of the recorded differences in organochlorine concentrations could be due to different causes of death, with a subsequent effect on body lipid levels. Organochlorine pesticides and PCBs residues were lower than those commonly associated with mortality and reduced reproductive success in most species. However, low level exposure to these contaminants may constitute one of the many stressors that in combination could adversely affect bird populations. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (EN)

persistent organic pollutants (EN)

Chemosphere (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


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