Rapid tracheal infusion of surfactant versus bolus instillation in rabbits: Effects on oxygenation, blood pressure and surfactant distribution

 
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Rapid tracheal infusion of surfactant versus bolus instillation in rabbits: Effects on oxygenation, blood pressure and surfactant distribution (EN)

Segerer, H. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Segerer, H. (EN)

Surfactant bolus instillation may be associated with a drop in blood pressure, Platelet-activating factor (PAF) has been found in surfactant preparations. The aim of this study was to evaluate rapid tracheal infusion of surfactant during 5 min as an alternative to bolus instillation and to examine whether a PAF receptor antagonist is able to prevent the decrease in blood pressure. Methods: Surfactant deficiency was induced in 16 adult rabbits by lung lavages with saline. Six animals received a bolus of a porcine surfactant preparation (Curosurf((R)) (CS); 200 mg/kg), labeled with red microspheres to assess pulmonary distribution. In another 5 rabbits, the same amount of labelled CS was instilled by tracheal infusion within 5 min. A third group of 5 animals received 3 mg/kg body weight of the PAF antagonist WEB 2170 before CS bolus instillation. Results: After CS bolus administration, mean PaO2 increased by 44.7 +/- 8.3 kPa (mean +/- SD) within 2 min and remained at this level. Mean arterial blood pressure dropped transiently by 2.3 +/- 2 kPa within 5 min. Pulmonary distribution of surfactant was even. After infusion, mean PaO2 rose by 22.4 +/- 16.3 kPa within 15 min. Blood pressure dropped by 1.8 +/- 1.1 kPa within 15 min. The distribution was extremely uneven. Blood pressure decreases also occurred after pretreatment with PAF receptor antagonist. Conclusion: Rapid tracheal infusion of surfactant results in poorer oxygenation, an inhomogeneous distribution and a similar decrease in blood pressure compared to the bolus instillation method. Blood pressure changes could not be prevented by a PAF receptor-specific antagonist. (EN)

respiratory distress syndrome (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Biology of the Neonate (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα

1996

<Go to ISI>://A1996UA92500007

Karger (EN)



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