Amperometric determination of L-malic acid in a flow injection analysis manifold using packed-bed enzyme reactors

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Amperometric determination of L-malic acid in a flow injection analysis manifold using packed-bed enzyme reactors (EN)

Prodromidis, M. I. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Prodromidis, M. I. (EN)

An enzymic method for the determination of L-malic acid in fruits and vegetables is described, Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and diaphorase (DI) were co-immobilized on aminopropyl-, isothiocyanate- and N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (N-HSE)-modified controlled-pore glass, which was then used for the construction of a packed-bed reactor, MDH catalyses the reaction between malate and NAD(+) and produces NADH, which converts hexacyanoferrate(III) into hexacyanoferrate(II) in the presence of the DI, Amperometric measurements with pure graphite electrodes in a fully automated flow injection manifold were used to monitor the concentration of hexacyanoferrate(II) at +0.3 V versus an Ag/AgCl reference electrode, The electrochemical behaviour of hexacyanoferrate(III), 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol and p-benzoquinone was tested with cyclic voltammetry. Parameters such as working and immobilization pH, flow rate, sample size, temperature and NAD(+) and hexacyanoferrate(III) concentrations were investigated, The interference of various ions, amino acids and organic acids present in real samples was also studied, The calibration graph was linear for the range 2 x 10(-5)-4 x 10(-4) mol l(-1) malate, The reactors remained active for a period of more than 3 months under specified storage conditions, The maximum sample throughput was 30 h(-1) and the relative standard deviation of the method was better than 1.5% (n = 5), The mean relative error was 4% for fruits-and 2% for vegetables, The accuracy of the proposed method was tested by comparison of the results with those obtained by a reference method. Good correlation was attained, Recovery experiments showed results between 95 and 108%. (EN)

amperometric malate determination (EN)

Analyst (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα


Royal Society of Chemistry (EN)

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