Solvation properties of N-substituted cis and trans amides are not identical: Significant enthalpy and entropy changes are revealed by the use off variable temperature H-1 NMR in aqueous and chloroform solutions and ab initio calculations

 
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Solvation properties of N-substituted cis and trans amides are not identical: Significant enthalpy and entropy changes are revealed by the use off variable temperature H-1 NMR in aqueous and chloroform solutions and ab initio calculations (EN)

Troganis, A. N. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Troganis, A. N. (EN)

The cis/trans conformational equilibrium of N-methyl formamide (NMF) and the sterically hindered tert-butylformamide (TBF) was investigated by the use of variable temperature gradient H-1 NMR in aqueous solution and in the low dielectric constant and solvation ability solvent CDCl3 and various levels of first principles calculations. The trans isomer of NMF in aqueous solution is enthalpically favored relative to the cis (Delta H degrees = -5.79 +/- 0.18 kJ mol(-1)) with entropy differences at 298 K (298 center dot AS degrees = -0.23 +/- 0.17 kJ mol(-1)) playing a minor role. The experimental value of the enthalpy difference strongly decreases (Delta H degrees = -1.72 +/- 0.06 kJ mol(-1)), and the contribution of entropy at 298 K (298(.)Delta S degrees = -1.87 +/- 0.06 kJ mol(-1)) increases in the case of the sterically hindered tert-butylformamide. The trans isomer of NMF in CDCl3 solution is enthalpically favored relative to the cis (Delta H degrees = -3.71 +/- 0.17 kJ mol(-1)) with entropy differences at 298 K (298(.)Delta S degrees = 1.02 +/- 0.19 kJ mol(-1)) playing a minor role. In the sterically hindered tert-butylformamide, the trans isomer is enthalpically disfavored (Delta H degrees = 1.60 +/- 0.09 kJ mol(-1)) but is entropically favored (298(.)Delta S degrees = 1.71 +/- 0.10 kJ mol(-1)). The results are compared with literature data of model peptides. It is concluded that, in amide bonds at 298 K and in the absence of strongly stabilizing sequence-specific inter-residue interactions involving side chains, the free energy difference of the cis/trans isomers and both the enthalpy and entropy contributions are strongly dependent on the N-alkyl substitution and the solvent. The significant decreasing enthalpic benefit of the trans isomer in CDCl3 compared to that in H2O, in the case of NMF and TBF, is partially offset by an adverse entropy contribution. This is in agreement with the general phenomenon of enthalpy versus entropy compensation. B3LY/6-311++G** and MP2/6-311++G** quantum chemical calculations confirm the stability orders of isomers and the Delta G decrease in going from water to CHCl3 as solvent. However, the absolute calculated values, especially for TBF, deviate significantly from the experimental values. Consideration of the solvent effects via the PCM approach on (NMFH2O)-H-. and (TBFH2O)-H-. supermolecules improves the agreement with the experimental results for TBF isomers, but not for NMF. (EN)

nuclear magnetic-resonance (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Journal of Physical Chemistry A (EN)

Αγγλική γλώσσα

2005

<Go to ISI>://000234259800029

American Chemical Society (EN)



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