The platelet hyporesponsiveness to clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome patients treated with 75 mg/day clopidogrel may be overcome within 1 month of treatment

 
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2012 (EN)
The platelet hyporesponsiveness to clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome patients treated with 75 mg/day clopidogrel may be overcome within 1 month of treatment (EN)

Kalantzi, K. I. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Kalantzi, K. I. (EN)

Platelets are involved in thrombus formation and inflammation following vascular injury, while clopidogrel exerts antithrombotic and anti-inflammatory actions. We investigated various platelet-derived prothrombotic and proinflammatory mediators as well as the platelet aggregatory response in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) receiving clopidogrel, as a function of the patient responsiveness to drug treatment. Blood samples were obtained from 40 patients with recent (<24 h) ACS before clopidogrel loading 600 mg (followed by a maintenance dose of 75 mg/day) as well as 5-days and 30-days afterwards. Twelve patients exhibited platelet reactivity index (PRI) values higher than 50% evaluated by the Vasodilator Stimulated Phosphoprotein (VASP) test at 5 days and were characterized as nonresponders. The platelet response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and thrombin receptor agonist peptide-14 (TRAP) was studied by flow cytometry and light transmission aggregometry. A maximum reduction of ADP- or TRAP-induced platelet aggregation in 28 clopidogrel responding patients was observed at 5 days postclopidogrel loading, whereas in nonresponders, it was achieved at 30-days along with a significant decrease in the PRI values. Similar results were obtained for the membrane expression of CD40L and the production of platelet-derived microparticles. By contrast, the maximum inhibition of P-selectin expression and platelet-leukocyte conjugate formation was observed at 30-days in both patient groups. A maintenance dose of 75mg clopidogrel differentially affects the platelet aggregation and platelet-derived prothrombotic and proinflammatory mediators in ACS patients within the first month of the treatment, a phenomenon that is highly influenced by the drug response variability. Since these factors may be involved in the major adverse cardiovascular events in ACS patients, especially in those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, the above findings may be clinically important. (EN)

acute coronary syndrome (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Platelets (EN)

English

2012

<Go to ISI>://000300047700005



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