B-cell autoepitopes on the acetylcholinesterase-homologous region of human thyroglobulin: association with Graves' disease and thyroid eye disease

 
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2001 (EN)
B-cell autoepitopes on the acetylcholinesterase-homologous region of human thyroglobulin: association with Graves' disease and thyroid eye disease (EN)

Thrasyvoulides, A. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Thrasyvoulides, A. (EN)

Objective: Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a. large autoantigen involved in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Tg epitopes have, so far, been identified within large peptides. In the present study, we used small synthetic peptides to finely map serological epitopes on the highly immunogenic C-terminal region of Tg. Homology of this region to acetylcholinesterase (ACNE) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of thyroid eye disease (TED) through cross-reactive antibodies. Methods: We tested total IgG purified from four pilot Graves' disease (GD) sera reactive with both Tg and ACNE and from three healthy controls, for reactivity against overlapping 20mer peptides (pin synthesis) covering the sequence 2171-2748 of human Tg. Antibody-reactive peptides were subsequently synthesized by a solid-phase technique for confirmation with a large number of sera: 99 GD, 32 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and 45 healthy controls: Results: Peptides TgP15, TgP26 and TgP41 (amino acids 2339-2358, 2471-2490 and 2651-2670 respectively) were found to be targets of autoantibodies on intact Tg, recognized by a statistically significant proportion of GD sera (22.2%, 35.4% and 30.3% respectively), compared with HT (0%. 15.6% and 6.3% respectively) and healthy controls (0%, 4.4% and 4.4% respectively). The majority of GD sera (56.6%) were positive for at least one of the three peptides. In GD. TgP26 reactivity was found to be associated with TED (48.6% with TED versus 25.5% without TED, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Some epitopes on the C-terminal region of Tg are associated with GD. A subset of Tg-reactive autoantibodies, directed to this region. is associated with TED and may be involved in the development of the disease. (EN)

pathophysiological significance (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

European Journal of Endocrinology (EN)

English

2001

<Go to ISI>://000170409000003



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