Exacerbation of cardiac energetic impairment during exercise in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a potential mechanism for diastolic dysfunction
Cochlin, Lowri E.
Rider, Oliver J.
Holloway, Cameron J.
Suttie, Joseph J.
Tyler, Damian J.
Aims Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the commonest cause of sudden cardiac death in the young, with an excess of exercise-related deaths. The HCM sarcomere mutations increase the energy cost of contraction and impaired resting cardiac energetics has been documented by measurement of phosphocreatine/ATP (PCr/ATP) using 31Phosphorus MR Spectroscopy (31P MRS). We hypothesized that cardiac energetics are further impaired acutely during exercise in HCM and that this would have important functional consequences. Methods and results 31P MRS was performed in 35 HCM patients and 20 age- and gender-matched normal volunteers at rest and during leg exercise with 2.5 kg ankle weights. Peak left-ventricular filling rates (PFRs) and myocardial perfusion reserve (MPRI) were calculated during adenosine stress. Resting PCr/ATP was significantly reduced in HCM (HCM: 1.71 ± 0.35, normal 2.14 ± 0.35 P < 0.0001). During exercise, there was a further reduction in PCr/ATP in HCM (1.56 ± 0.29, P = 0.02 compared with rest) but not in normals (2.16 ± 0.26, P = 0.98 compared with rest). There was no correlation between PCr/ATP reduction and cardiac mass, wall thickness, MPRI, or late-gadolinium enhancement. PFR and PCr/ATP were significantly correlated at rest (r = 0.48, P = 0.02) and stress (r = 0.53, P = 0.01). Conclusion During exercise, the pre-existing energetic deficit in HCM is further exacerbated independent of hypertrophy, perfusion reserve, or degree of fibrosis. This is in keeping with the change at the myofilament level. We offer a potential explanation for exercise-related diastolic dysfunction in HCM.
Αριστοτέλειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας, Τμήμα Ιατρικής
European Heart Journal, vol.36 no.24  p.1547-1554
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