Morning preprandial plasma ghrelin and catecholamine concentrations in patients with phenylketonuria and normal controls

 
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2004 (EN)
Morning preprandial plasma ghrelin and catecholamine concentrations in patients with phenylketonuria and normal controls (EN)

Τσακίρης, Στυλιανός (EL)
Βουνάτσου, Μαρία (EL)
Σούλπη, Κλεοπάτρα (EL)
Παπασωτηρίου, Ιωάννης (EL)
Καρίκας, Γεώργιος-Αλβέρτος (EL)

Χρούσος, Γεώργιος Π. (EL)
Τεχνολογικό Εκπαιδευτικό Ίδρυμα Αθήνας. Σχολή Επαγγελμάτων Υγείας και Πρόνοιας. Τμήμα Ιατρικών Εργαστηρίων (EL)

Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) have a diet-controlled deficiency in the conversion of phenylalanine (Phe) to tyrosine (Tyr), leading to decreased production of noradrenaline, adrenaline, and dopamine. Poor diet control results in high plasma Phe and low plasma Tyr and catecholamine concentrations. Ghrelin, a recently described gastrointestinal hormone that is elevated in the fasting state and low in the fed state, is considered a major appetite-stimulating hormone, possibly involved in the generation of obesity and insulin resistance. We evaluated morning preprandial plasma ghrelin levels in 14 diet-controlled and 15 poorly controlled PKU patients and 20 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy children (controls) and correlated its concentrations with those of Phe and catecholamines as well as with their BMI and 24-h nutrient intake. Plasma ghrelin levels were measured by RIA, plasma catecholamine concentrations were determined by HPLC with electrochemical detection, and Phe and Tyr levels were measured in an amino acid analyzer. The ghrelin concentration (744 +/- 25 ng/liter) in diet-controlled patients did not differ from that in controls (802 +/- 26 ng/liter; P > 0.05). On the contrary, the ghrelin concentration was significantly reduced in poorly controlled patients (353 +/- 23 ng/liter; P < 0.0001). Ghrelin correlated negatively with Phe in all three groups, whereas it correlated positively with catecholamine levels and energy intake and negatively with BMI only in diet-controlled patients and controls. We conclude that ghrelin secretion may receive positive direct or indirect input from catecholamines. The absence of a correlation between ghrelin and catecholamines, energy intake, or BMI in PKU patients on an inadequate diet may be due to dysregulation of their neuroendocrine system and might be affected by high Phe levels in the stomach and/or central nervous system. (EN)

journalArticle

ελεγχόμενη δίαιτα (EN)
Tyrosine (EN)
αδρεναλίνη (EN)
Phenylketonuria (EN)
Dopamine (EN)
phenylalanine (EN)
φαινυλκετονουρία (EN)
Adrenaline (EN)
diet-controlled (EN)
συγκεντρώσεις των κατεχολαμινών (EN)
catecholamine concentrations (EN)
φαινυλαλανίνη (EN)
τυροσίνη (EN)
ντοπαμίνη (EN)

ΤΕΙ Αθήνας (EL)
Technological Educational Institute of Athens (EN)

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (EN)

English

2004-08

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2004-0311

N/A (EN)



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