Maternal-neonatal retinol and alpha-tocopherol serum concentrations in Greeks and Albanians

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2004 (EN)
Maternal-neonatal retinol and alpha-tocopherol serum concentrations in Greeks and Albanians (EN)

Γαβρίλη, Σταυρούλα (EL)
Λαζαροπούλου, Χριστίνα (EL)
Μιχαλακάκου, Κωνσταντίνα (EL)
Σούλπη, Κλεοπάτρα (EL)
Καρίκας, Γεώργιος-Αλβέρτος (EL)

Μπακούλα, Χριστίνα (EL)
Βλάχος, Γεώργιος (EL)
Τεχνολογικό Εκπαιδευτικό Ίδρυμα Αθήνας. Σχολή Επαγγελμάτων Υγείας και Πρόνοιας. Τμήμα Ιατρικών Εργαστηρίων (EL)
Παπασωτηρίου, Ιωάννης (EL)

Backgrolllld: Vitamin A and E are required in physiological processes such a:, pregnancy and growth. Aim: To evaluate retinol and (X-tocopherol serum levels in Greek and Albanian mothers and in their newborns. Methods: Data concerned 1125 Greek and 898 Albanian mothers along with their newborns. Immediately after delivery. blood from the umbilical cord and from the mothers was collected into light-protected tubes. Retinol and (X-tocopherol serum levels were measured with u reversed-phase HPLC method. A 60-d dietetic diary was kept by each woman during the last 2 mo of pregnancy. Results: Retinol (1.3 ± 0.1 I-Imol/l) and (X- tocopherol (32.9 ± 9.5I1molll) levels were estimated to be normal in Greek mothers and in most of their offspring (0.9 ± 0. 1 and 18.5 ± 3.4l-1m01l1, respectively). In contrast, in Albanian mothers, reLinol concentration was found to be low (0.6 ± 0.1 pmol/l), and in 1/3 significantly low «0.45 ~lmol/l). Consequently, the vitamin was evaluated to be very low in their newborns (0.-1- ± 0.1 pmol!l), and in 1/2 extremely low. However, in 12% of the Albanian cord blood samples, retinol level was determined to be higher as compared with that of their mothers. :x-Tocopherol was evaluated to be normal in most of the immigrant mothers (20.0 ± 8.8 p.molll) and low «7.5 pmolll) in 15 o/c of their newborns. Vitamin A intake was found to be extremely low and vitamin E low (p < 0.05) in the Albanians. (EN)


Vitamin A (EN)
βιταμίνη Ε (EN)
Vitamin E (EN)
Albanians (EN)
βιταμίνη Α (EN)
alpha-tocopherol (EN)
Αλβανοί (EN)
τοκοφερόλη (EN)
neonates (EN)
νεογέννητα (EN)
Έλληνες (EN)
Greeks (EN)

ΤΕΙ Αθήνας (EL)
Technological Educational Institute of Athens (EN)

Acta Paediatrica (EN)



DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2004.tb02775.x

N/A (EN)

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