Regulatory Framework Of Energy Recovery From Municipal Solid Waste
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law
Prof.Dr. Kaissis, Athanassios
Dr. Panagos, Theodoros
Dr. Komnios, Komninos
This dissertation was written as part of the MSc in LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law at the International Hellenic University.
The climate change has been depressing the latest years leading countries’ governors to take up actions in order to prevent it. Considering that human activities cause the problem, they concentrated on greenhouse gas emissions. This general target further presupposes the transformation into a low carbon economy, the use of green energy and the effective management of municipal waste. It was recognized from the early beginning that the use of energy from renewable energy sources was the solution. The EU adopted a number of regulations to this direction, the most outstanding of which are the RES, the Landfill and the Waste Management Directives.
The technologies were immature and, therefore, costly, so incentives were given to the investors. Soon the use of RES expanded taking advantage of new technologies. The more controversial was proved the biomass. Although it serves many benefits, it is even more expensive and raises environmental issues. Environmental organizations, in particular in Greece, bring actions against energy generation from municipal waste, impeding its development. As a result, Greek legislation evades to regulate the municipal solid waste as RES, which is contrary to European legislation and worldwide practices. Concluding, there is no due reason neither for the environmental revolution nor for the governments’ inaction since there are numerous regulations for environmental protection capable to prevent any hazardous effects. Concluding, Greek legislation should include provisions regulating municipal solid waste as RES.
(Abstract: 227 words)
climate, renewable energy sources, biomass, municipal waste