Survey for the occurrence of antifouling paint booster biocides in the aquatic environment of Greece

 
This item is provided by the institution :
University of Ioannina
Repository :
Repository of UOI Olympias
see the original item page
in the repository's web site and access all digital files if the item*
share



2002 (EN)
Survey for the occurrence of antifouling paint booster biocides in the aquatic environment of Greece (EN)

Sakkas, V. A. (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Σχολή Θετικών Επιστημών. Τμήμα Χημείας (EL)
Sakkas, V. A. (EN)

Since the restriction imposed by European Union regulations on the use of TBT-based antifouling paints on boats below 25 in in length, new terms have been introduced in the 'small boat' market. Replacement products are generally based on copper metal oxides and organic biocides. Several studies have demonstrated the presence of these biocides in European ports and marinas of Spain, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. An extended survey of the antifouling biocides chlorothalonil, dichlofluanid, irgarol 1051 and sea-nine 211 was carried out in Greek ports and marinas of high boating activities from October 1999 to September 2000. The sampling sites were: Piraeus, Elefsina, Thessaloniki, Patras, Chalkida, Igoumenitsa, and Preveza (Aktio). The extraction of these compounds from the seawater samples was performed off-line with C-18 solid phase extraction (SPE) disks while the determination was carried out with gas chromatography coupled to electron capture (ECD), thermionic (FTD) and mass spectroscopy (MS) detectors. The concentration levels of biocides were higher during the period from April to October. This seasonal impact depends on the application time of antifouling paints and mimic trends in the seasonal distribution of biocides in other European sites. (EN)

antifouling booster biocides (EN)

Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων (EL)
University of Ioannina (EN)

Environmental Science and Pollution Research (EN)

English

2002

<Go to ISI>://000178284500009

Ecomed Publishers (EN)



*Institutions are responsible for keeping their URLs functional (digital file, item page in repository site)